Cluj Napoca

The city of innovation and good times

Cluj-Napoca is a vibrant city, an important university and cultural centre. The city is the residence of Cluj County and one of its main characteristics is its diversity. The town abounds with history, culture and entertainment.

A getaway to the city in the heart of Transylvania will transport you in time thanks to its many historical monuments, but will also bring you up to date with the latest in cultural trends thanks to the bourgeoning art scene. At the same time, the city hosts a number of music, film, theatre and other festivals. Medieval air, architectural richness, urban uproar – you can find them all in Cluj-Napoca.

Panoramica Cluj Napoca
History &

Geography

In Antiquity, on the place where Cluj stands today, the Dacian settlement known as “Napuca” could be found. As time passed, it became an urban settlement and later a colony. In the Medieval Age, the town was known as “Castrum Clus”. The 15th and 16th centuries were very prosperous periods for the city as crafts developed and numerous constructions were built in the Gothic and Renaissance style.

The population consisted predominantly of Saxons, Szeklys and few Romanians. After the conquest of Hungary by the Ottomans and its transformation into an Eyalet, Transylvania became an autonomous principality under Ottoman suzerainty. Then, it came under Austrian rule and became the capital of Transylvania. Thus, modernisation took place and the Romanian population grew. In 1867, Transylvania became part of the Kingdom of Hungary again.

The interwar period represented a tumultuous period for Cluj, which progressively belonged to the Kingdom of Romania and the Hungarian Crown. In 1945 Cluj was subjected to the communist government, until December 1989.

 

Cluj-Napoca is located in the central-northwestern part of Romania and the central area of Transylvania. The city is surrounded by the hills of Feleac and Cluj and is located on the middle course of the river Someșul Mic (Little Somes). The municipality is located at the junction of three geographical units: the Apuseni Mountains, the Someșan Plateau and the Transylvanian Plain. To the north, it borders the counties of Sălaj and Maramureș, to the east it borders Bistrița-Năsăud and Mureș, to the south it’s neighbouring the Alba county and to the west, Bihor.

Did you know...?

  • That Cluj-Napoca was nominated as the European Youth Capital in 2015? This is because of the events that take place here, as well as the fact that it is a famous university centre.
  • That the largest and most modern multipurpose events hall in Southeast Europe is found here? It has the capacity to accommodate 7,000 people for sporting events and almost 10,000 for concerts.
  • That 10 rivers and streams pass through Cluj-Napoca? The best known one is Someșul Mic.
  • That Babeș-Bolyai University is the most important academic institution in the country? Here, teaching is done in four languages: out of 105 specialisations, 98 are in Romanian, 52 in Hungarian, 14 in German and 4 in English.
  • That based on the number of inhabitants, Cluj-Napoca is the third biggest city in Romania?
Internal and external links

Transportation in/from Cluj-Napoca

Airplane

Cluj-Napoca has one airport – the “Avram Iancu Cluj International Airport” – and it offers both internal and external flights. The internal ones are to Bucharest, Timișoara, Iași. Tarom and WizzAir are the airlines that have direct flights to Spain, UK, Germany, Dubai, Israel and other countries.

 

Car

If you land in Bucharest and want to get to Cluj-Napoca by car, the recommended routes are: Bucharest – Brașov – Sighișoara – TârguMureș – Cluj (E60) or Bucharest – Pitești – Râmnicu Vâlcea – Sibiu – Alba-Iulia – Turda – Cluj (E81).

 

Train

There is also the option of traveling by train, from Cluj-Napoca there are daily trips that connect the city to Bistrița, Bucharest, Gura Humorului, Iași, Oradea, Satu Mare, Sighetu Marmației, Suceava, Timișoara and other cities in Romania.

 

Bus

If you prefer a faster option than the train, you can choose the minibus/bus. The bus station is located on 3-5 Giordano Bruno Street and there are numerous routes to: Alba-Iulia, Arad, Baia Mare, Bistrița, Brașov, Bucharest, Câmpeni, Horezu, Hunedoara, Iași, Oradea, Mangalia, Piatra Neamț, Reghin, Satu Mare, Sebeș, Sibiu, Sighetu Marmației, Târgu-Lăpuș, Târgu-Mureș, Vatra Dornei.

Let's travel and discover

Tourist attractions in Cluj Napoca

  • Union Square (Piața Unirii) – is one of the emblems of the city and serves as a reference point for the locals. In its centre you can find the Church of St. Michael, the Roman remains of the city and the statue of Matia Corvin. Surrounding the square there are many imposing historic buildings: the Banffy Palace, the former town hall, the Continental Hotel and the Hintz House.

 

  • The Tailors’ Tower – is located on 35 Baba Novac Street and it dates from 1475 being one of the few remaining fortification structures of the old Fortress of Cluj.

 

  • The Botanical Garden – is located on 42 Republicii Street and has more than 10,000 species of plants from around the world. Besides this, there is a specially arranged Japanese Garden as well as a Roman Garden.

 

  • Cetațuia Park – is a Habsburg fortification and is one of the highest points of the city, with a wonderful panoramic view of the city.

 

  • The Central Park – is one of the favoured places by the locals and not only. It is ideal for a relaxing walk or a boat ride in the warm season. It is also the place where many events are organised. Just in its vicinity you can also find the Hungarian State Theatre, the Cluj Arena stadium and the events hall.

Festivals and other activities in Cluj-Napoca

If you are passionate about festivals, come to Romania! Regardless of the style of music you prefer, we are convinced that here you will find one tailored to your tastes. We leave you here some of the best music festivals of Cluj Napoca:

 

  • Untold – It is the largest music festival in Romania and, therefore, one of the most relevant in Europe. Over 4 intense days, the Central Park of Cluj is transformed into a scene enjoyed by more than 200,000 people. It is considered one of the best organised events of this type.

 

  • Electric Castle – it is another of the music festivals most loved by Romanians. It is celebrated no less than in the Castle of Bánffy (Bonțida), in an almost fairytale setting. To get to the festival you have to travel the 15 km that separate it from Cluj, but we assure you that it is worth it. It is one of the best festivals that can be experienced today to enjoy some of the most relevant groups on the international scene. If you have the possibility to square it, organise your trip to Romania in July to be able to attend. You will not regret it.

 

  • Jazz in The Park – this festival fills the Central Park of Cluj with good music and great vibes. You can complete the menu with a meal to match and thus combine the most touristic moments with a time to relax during your visit to the city.

 

  • Street Food Festival – Nowadays, this gastronomic festival is already celebrated in various parts of the country, but it was born in Cluj-Napoca. You will be able to see it on their cultural agenda more than once a year! And, as in any foodie event worth its salt, the city center is full of people, street food and good music.

 

  • TIFF – The Transilvania International Film Festival is an international feature film festival that brings together people from all over the world. For more than a week, Cluj Napoca is transformed into a multiplex cinema with several outdoor projection points to see the films that make up the lineup.

 

What are you waiting for? Come and enjoy the music, the landscapes and the stories of a country that magically combines modernity and tradition.

Do you need help organizing your trip?

If you are thinking of traveling to Romania and you don't want to miss the most important places, count on our help. We take care of the logistics while you just have to relax and enjoy this wonderful experience.